Which are the most common eating disorders in teenagers?
Currently, the most prevalent eating disorders in teenagers and young people are anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and orthorexia, along with others related to eating disorders such as vigorexia and obesity.
Simplifying, by way of summary:
- Anorexia nervosa: characterized by weight loss, intense fear of fattening, and perceptual alteration that one has regarding his own body.
- Bulimia nervosa: characterized by episodes of binge eating that occur periodically, inappropriate and periodic compensatory behavior to avoid weight gain, and the perception of one’s body is unduly influenced by weight and body constitution.
- Ortorexia: is characterized by excessive concern for a “healthy” nutrition, that is, based on ingesting basically natural products. In this case it is not about the amount of food eaten, as with anorexia or bulimia, but in its quality
- Vigorexia: body dysmorphic disorder that basically consists of the concern of the person affected by the feeling that his body is too small or insufficiently muscled.
- Obesity: chronic disease that usually begins in childhood and adolescence. Apart from supposing an eating disorder, it can be a triggering factor of an eating behavior disorder. Characterized by the excess of corporal fat as a result of an increase of the energetic consumption in relation to the energy that is spent.
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More information: Disorders related to nutrition and eating behaviors